20th Century Wind Masterpieces

Alexandre Tansman: Suite
André Jolivet: Sonatine for oboe and bassoon
Igor Stravinsky: Three Pieces for Solo Clarinet
Erwin Schulhoff: Divertissement
Antoni Szalowski: Divertimento*
Marcel Poot: Ballade*
Jean Françaix: Divertissement*

Introducing Trois Bois to our audiences, this program focuses on the often light-hearted yet virtuoso music for winds. Our one-hour program has met with audience acclaim, and our full concert program should satisfy all audience’s desire for good music. Composers include Igor Stravinsky, Jean Françaix, André Jolivet, and others.

(Program includes an intermission, and pieces marked with an asterisk are optional and may be added to the main program.)

The French Conservatory Tradition

Eugene Bozza: Suite brève en trio, op. 67
Henri Tomasi: Concert Champêtre
André Jolivet: Sonatine for oboe and bassoon
Alexandre Tansman: Suite
Jean Françaix: Divertissement
Francis Poulenc: Duo for clarinet and bassoon
Jacques Ibert: Cinq pièces en trio

In the late 18th century, composers were as likely to write for winds as for piano or strings, especially in France. As the Romantic Age in music began, most composers focused on the piano and violin, but in France, the wind tradition continued. The French established a conservatory system to train their musicians, and part of the training was for the students to learn new music for their instruments. French composers were commissioned, and as a result, a vast amount of music for winds by the best French composers of their day exists for our enjoyment. Composers include Jacque Ibert, Eugene Bozza, Jean Françaix and others.

(Program includes an intermission.)

Winds Through the Centuries

Antonio Vivaldi: Concerto in g minor, RV 103 for flute, oboe and bassoon
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Divertimento No. 3, K. 439c (Anh. 229)
Ludwig van Beethoven: Duo in C major, WoO 27/3 for clarinet and bassoon
Paul de Wailly: Aubade for flute, oboe and clarinet
Walter Piston: Three Pieces (1926) for flute, clarinet and bassoon
Elliott Carter: Eight Etudes and a Fantasy (1950) for woodwind quartet

Trois Bois follows the course of intimate chamber music for winds through the centuries, starting with the Baroque, continuing through the Classical and Romantic eras, and finishing with the 20th century in America and Europe. Composers include Antonio Vivaldi, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Ludwig van Beethoven, Elliott Carter, and others. With flutist as guest artist.

(Program includes an intermission.)

Winds Across the Atlantic

Gordon Jacob: Trio
Kirke Mechem: Trio, op. 8
Peter Schickele:Diversions
Rebecca Clarke: Prelude, Allegro, Pastorale (1941) for clarinet and viola
Alvin Etler: Quartet for oboe, clarinet, viola and bassoon

To paraphrase Winston Churchill, America and England are musical allies separated by a common musical language! This divergence of style is highlighted in this program of English and American composers of the 20th century. Mostly light-hearted, but not always, composers include Peter Schickele, Alvin Etler, Gordon Jacob, and others. With violist as guest artist.

(Program includes an intermission.)

The Wind Music of Les Six

Darius Milhaud: Suite d’apres Corrette
Louis Durey: Trois Pièces breves for oboe solo
Arthur Honegger: Sonatina for clarinet and piano
Francis Poulenc: Trio (1926) for oboe, bassoon and piano
Germaine Tailleferre: Sonate champêtre for oboe, clarinet, bassoon and piano
Germaine Tailleferre: Menuet en FA for oboe, clarinet, bassoon and piano
Georges Auric: Trio

In 1923, critic Henri Collet gave the name, Groupe des six, to six French composers whose music, in his opinion, was a reaction against the music of Richard Wagner and the French impressionists. The name, “Les Six” stuck, and Georges Auric, Louis Durey, Arthur Honegger, Darius Milhaud, Francis Poulenc, and Germaine Tailleferre have ever since been grouped together, despite their relative popularity or obscurity. Trois Bois explores this intimate repertoire for winds in a program of early 20th century French music. With guest pianist.

Diversions and Observations

Ludwig van Beethoven:Variations on the Theme “La ci darem la mano,” WoO 28
Joseph Canteloube: Rustiques
Mabel Wheeler Daniels: Three Observations, op. 41
Alexandre Tansman: Suite
Peter Schickele: Diversions
Erwin Schulhoff: Divertissement

In the Renaissance and early Baroque, wind ensembles of all sizes were employed primarily out of doors (because they could be heard!); each town would have its own municipal wind band. Often these bands played from the tops of castles for the festivals going on below. As music became more intimate, wind musicians moved indoors, but continued to provide the music for festivals and royal functions. Also, composers would slyly incorporate into their music “comments” on the activities around them, as Mozart so famously did in his operas. This tradition of writing for winds has continued through the centuries and has provided a rich catalogue to entertain and/or to comment on our lives. Composers include Ludwig van Beethoven, Peter Schickele, Alexandre Tansman and others.